Emigration - Kent to Jeromesville, Ohio and
Pine Creek, Pennsylvannia
It is not known for certain precisely when Ambrose and family emigrated. An A. Austin is listed as arriving at Philadelphia in 1818 (month not given)(Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1998 Supplement, Part 1 by William Elby and Frank V Castornova, eds.). This is considered to be Ambrose; there is no record that he was accompanied. Although the same reference records Austins arriving in Philadelphia in 1800, 1802, 1805, there is no indication of a link to Ambrose. It looks like Ambrose went more or less directly to Jeromesville in Ohio, probably via Pittsburgh because according to land records Ambrose bought a corner parcel of land, in Jeromesville on Feb 9 1818 from Christian & Margaret Deardorff.
In 1812, General Beall's army cut a road through forest from Wooster through Jeromesville to the west. "Jeromesville was in the Mohican township, situated where the Mansfield-Wooster old-time stage road crossed the the Jeromefork of the Mohican River. It became a village on Feb 14 1815 when Christian Deardorf and William Vaughn purchased the land from John Baptiste Jerome and named it in his honour. It was surrounded by fine farming lands with fertile soil and good climate.
It is recorded that Ambrose purchased the, "Sw quarter of section five in Township twenty-one and Range fifteen in Wayne County and State of Ohio which said lot is distinguished on the map of said town and so recorded in the Registrar's Office for the County of Wayne by the number sixty-three" for $11.
According to the deed Ambrose was from the County of Wayne. This was almost certainly Ambrose Senior even though he would have been 61 at the time; his son Ambrose was only 16. A school, then a furniture store, has since occupied the block.
According to the original narrative, Charles Austen and Richard Pearce landed in New York in 1820 after a four week voyage on a sailing ship, from where they took the stage to Philadelphia and then to Pittsburgh where, according to the story, quoted by Fred Tice "they became acquainted with Mr Rob Davis who had a brother-in-law by [the] name of William Cochran, who was the owner or was in charge of four hundred acres of land" at Pine Township.
Land deeds dated 7 July 1821 show that Richard and Susan bought 101 acres and 40 perches from William Cochran, Robert Davis and their wives for $350.00. In a second deed dated 10 Aug 1821 Charles and Sarah Austen bought 50 acres from Richard and Susan Pearce for $175.00.
According to the story quoted by Fred Tice: "Grandfather's [ie Charles Austen] land was on the East side of the creek and that of Richard Pearce on the West side. On the Pearce property was a log cabin and mill site. He chose that as he was a miller by trade. He commenced at once and repaired the mill and milldam and race course. On grandfather Austen's property there was not any building at all, but fine pasture for cattle and sheep. He built a log house or took out timber for a house".
They then, apparently, returned to England.
"In the fall of 1820 they [ie Richard Pearce and Charles Austen] both started back to England and in January of 1821 sold all their household goods and disposed of all their property. All started for America on March 10, 1821.
They were nine weeks on the Ocean, had a tempestuous voyage, ran out of provisions, and were in a storm off the Bay of Biscay, off France. They landed in New York the last of April 1821, and then took the stage for Philadelphia. There Richard Pearce purchased a team of horses and a light wagon and went on ahead. In two week's time Grandfather Austen's family, [ie Charles] which consisted of five persons - himself, Grandmother, Susan, Charles and Thomas, his children, were joined by Mr. Toogood and his family of wife and two children. Grandfather bought a team of horses and Mr. Toogood the wagon, probably a Conestoga wagon. They put all their goods on the wagon and started for Pittsburgh. They were one month on the way and arrived in Pittsburgh in the month of June 1821. They went to Pine Creek and found things as they had left them".
Records show that Charles Austen and family, Sarah 33, Susan 7, Thomas 6 and Charles 3, arrived in New York on the Criterion from London on May 10, 1821. It had sailed on Wednesday 14 March 1821 with Charles and Susan, and children, Susan (7), Thomas (6), and Charles Jr (3). A Mr Toogood and family were also passengers on the Criterion. (However no immigration records of the Pearce family have been found.) According to Lloyd's Register, the Criterion was 346 tons, single deck with beams, built in Massachusetts in 1808. It sailed between London and New York until 1829, then Liverpool to New York and was taken out of service between 1829 and 1834.
Pine township was established in 1796 "and included that part of the county north of the Ohio and Allegheny rivers and west of the boundary between Jones' and Cunningham's districts. Its original limits comprised the whole of eleven townships and parts of three others. After the establishment of Ohio, in 1808, it included so much of Jones' and Douglas' districts as were situated in Allegheny county, or the whole of Ross, Reserve, McCandless, Pine and Allegheny City, and parts of Richland, Hampton and Shaler". (Townships and Boroughs Chapter XVI.
According to a register of Land Grants in Wayne County, two months earlier, March 5, 1821, a John Austin was granted land in Mohican TP, near Pleasant View cemetery. As land grants were used as payment for military service, the question of service in the 1812 war is raised. (John was born 1794, ie he was 18 in 1812.) This is regarded as John, son of Ambrose although according to Wayne County Naturalizations, John Austen, son of Ambrose, did not arrive before 1822.
It seems that it was in 1821, three years after he had bought land in Jeromesville , when Ambrose emigrated. In George William Hill's "History of Ashland County" Ambrose's youngest son Joseph, is reported as arriving in Ohio in 1821 with his father and brother, (John is implied); there is no record of wife Susannah, Ambrose Jr or Charlotte. Joseph's obituary, reported in the Ashland Press, 21 Dec 1893 records Ambrose arriving in Philadelphia on April 7 with sons John and Joseph and " next came to Pittsburgh, Pa., but not liking the country came farther west, locating near Jeromesville, making this their home." [But this seems to ignore the block in Jeromesville purchased three years earlier.]
In the Wayne County, OH, Journal No 3, Application for citizenship, Austin, Ambrose: 63, native County of Kent, England, embarked Liverpool Feb 1821,arrived Philadelphia, PA 7 Apr 1821, resident US since, resident Wooster and Austin, Joseph, 20, born Seven Oaks, County of Kent, England, embarked Liverpool Feb. 1821, arrived Philadelphia PA, 7 Apr 1821, Resident US since, resident Wooster.
In 1821 Ambrose purchased more land in addition to his town lot. According to Land Entries in Mohican Twp, now Ashland Co, then Wayne Co. Ambrose Austin bought 80 acres in 1821 from James Arnold. According to The Ashland County Research Guide for Mohican Twp. Ambrose Austen obtained an original US Patent on 80 acres 9 Jun 1821.
According to Elizabeth Bentley's Passenger Arrivals at the Port of New York 1820-1829, Susannah (60), Charlotte (22), and Ambrose (19) came on the Orozimbo, arriving in New York, June 8 1822, destination Pittsburgh. (also The Passenger and Immigration List Index Vol by Gale Research, 1982).
It would appear that Ambrose, John and Joseph came direct to, Philadelphia then to Ohio in 1821 and that Susannah, Charlotte and Ambrose Jr came to New York, then Philadelphia the following year, 1822. It is probable that they both would have gone via Pittsburgh, by boat down the Ohio river to what today is Steubenville and went from there to Jeromesville.
While not mentioning John or Joseph, The Passenger and Immigration Lists Index 1986-92, Vol 1 indicates that Ambrose and Charles came in 1821 but with Nathaniel and Henry. If that is correct, Nathaniel and Henry did return to England.
Why did they come? England's economy was in poor shape and brought hardships to urban and rural poor as well as the rural gentry and Ohio land was for sale. Perhaps the attraction of owning land after a lifetime of renting was attractive. Perhaps too a relative, or other connection from Kent had come out and encouraged others to come as well. A pioneer could have been a Pearce, or a Beard - an Aaron, Calvin and a Charles are mentioned in the records and a James Pearce bought land in Richland County in 1814. Another may have been a James Streater, a Beard descendant who had a house in Pennsylvania.
It is also possible that at least some of the other early families, Eagle, Newman and others may have come from Kent or nearby counties and were known to Ambrose; the block of land sales in 1821 indicates the possibility of a group of English buyers. It was after the war with France and the consequent reduced demand for wool made farming in England much less profitable.
But come they did, by mid 1822. At Jeromesville in Ohio were Ambrose (65) and wife Susannah (63) with John (28), Charlotte (24), Ambrose (22) and Joseph (20), while at Pine Creek, Allegheny County in Pennsylvania were Charles (37) and Susannah (31) and children, Susan 7, Thomas 6 and Charles 3.
Austen families from Thanet, Kent, UK
- John married Elizabeth in Ramsgate, c1780
- John Austen married Mary Philpot of Ramsgate in 1788
- Edward Austen b 1786 and Rebecca Lawson
- Abraham Austen, b c1776, of Stourmouth married Elizabeth Standen
- Benjamin Austen b1774, married Jane Laming in Margate
- James Austen b 1761 married Susannah Belsey in Ramsgate
- Nathaniel Austen b 1675, and Mary Tickner of Ramsgate
- Thomas Austen b 1785 of Sarre
- Thomas Austen b 1810, married Mary Ann Sergeant in Ramsgate
Austen families of East and South Kent
- John Austen of Northbourne, Kent. 1575 - 1624
- William Austen (b c1813) and Alice Jenner
- Richard Austen and Ann Longley at Lydd, 1797
- Robert Austen (b 1772) and Sarah of Dymchurch
- Robert Austen of Wickambreaux m Elizabeth, 1504
- John Austen, b 1767, m Sarah Baker of Rochester & Ashford
- James Austen, b 1727, and Elizabeth Pierce of Goodnestone
- Robert Austen m Elizabeth Ashby, Hythe 1763
- Thomas Austen (b 1806) and Winifred Wyles from Dover
- William and Richard Austen of Monks Horton, 1800
- John Austen b 1691, Chillenden, m Ann Naylor
Austen families from West Kent
- William and Elizabeth Austen of Heronden, Tenterden
- Edward Austen & Elizabeth Vane, m 1711
- Thomas Austen m Anne Button
- Thomas Austen of Yalding, b c 1730.
- Thomas Austen (b 1748) m Mary Randalls of West Farleigh
- Richard Austen b 1544, Tenterden and Elizabeth Kenworthy
- William Austen and Catherine Edwards of Cowden
- William and Sarah, Sevenoaks, c 1800
- John and Hannah Austen of Benenden, b c 1766
- Thomas Austen b 1815 in Tenterden and Sarah Wightwick
- Ambrose Austen of Marden Kent >
- Jonas Austen (b1598) and Constance Robinson of Staplehurst
- John Austen of Goudhurst m Joan Berry, 1584
- George Austen (b 1823) married Sarah Hammond
- David (b c1670) & Ann Austen of Hawkhurst
- John Austen of Staplehurst (1700s)
Austen families from Sussex
- James Austen and Sarah Clout of Frant, c 1659
- Richard Austen, 1750 and Elizabeth Forster of Walberton
- Henry Austen of Barcombe m Lucy Adams in 1806
- Thomas b 1770 and Mary Austen
- Edward and Anne Austen of Burwash, c 1700
- William Austen m Mary Payne of Ticehurst, 1778
- Richard & Margaret Austen of East Grinstead, 1694
- Austen families from Surrey >
- Austen families from Suffolk >
- Austen families from Thanet, Kent, UK >
- Ernie Austen, 1924 Olympian
- Colin, Cecil and Geoff Austen, Australian Rules footballers
- Jane Austen's sailor brothers, Francis, Charles
- John Archibald Austen, illustrator
- Peter Townsend Austen
- Sir Robert Austen of Bexley
- Frank Henry Austen, radio relay pioneer of Thanet
- Edward Austen, painter
- Sir Robert Austen, 1697 - 1743
- Ralph Austen
- Alice Austen, photographer
- Staffordshire >
- Kent >
- Herefordshire >
- John and Elizabeth Austin of Grays Thurrock
- John and Ann Austin of Hartley, Kent and Thomas Austin and Rachell Sudell of Chatham
- Thomas and Elizabeth Austin of London
- John Austen m Elizabeth Purvy, c 1700
- John Austin & Eleanor Vine
- John, Ann and Barbara Austin of Pevensey and USA
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